The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the network of physical objects that feature an IP address for Internet connectivity, and the communication that occurs between these objects and other Internet-enabled devices. Physical devices like buildings can collect and exchange data, when they are embedded with electronics, software and network connectivity. As the objects represent themselves digitally, they can be controlled from anywhere.
Internet of things has evolved from the convergence of wireless technologies, micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS), micro-services and the Internet. The convergence tore down the silo walls between operational technologies (OT) and information technology (IT) and allowed unstructured machine-generated data to be analyzed for insights that will drive efficiency. The technology of Internet of the things allows objects to be sensed and controlled remotely across existing network infrastructure, thereby creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems. This resulted in improved efficiency, accuracy and economic benefits, in addition to reduced human intervention. Examples of objects that can fall into the scope of Internet of Things include connected security systems, thermostats, cars, electronic appliances, lights in the household, commercial environments, alarm clocks, speaker systems, vending machines and more. IoT is more than smart homes and connected appliances, however, it scales up to include smart cities – think of connected traffic signals that monitor utility of usage or smart bins that signal when they need to be emptied – and industries with connected sensors for everything from tracking parts to monitoring crops.
In health care, IoT plays a vital role. Intel made a smart band that tracks patients with Parkinson shake. They successfully collected more accurate data than with paper and pen. Health care is an area where data has the potential to save lives, by preventing diseases, monitoring and analyzing them can result in awareness about new treatments. Sonamba monitors daily activities of senior or ill people and people with heart disease can use Alive-core to detect abnormal heart rhythms. The downsides of such upgraded technology include submitting personal details about the people. The smart meter knows when you are at home and what electronics you use. It also shares information with other devices and capture the same in database belonging to different companies.
Technologically IoT is ready to launch, some manufacturers and agencies have already begun implementing small-scale versions of the same. The main reason why it has not truly been implemented is the impact it will have on the legal, ethical, security and social fields. Workers could abuse, hackers could access, corporations may not want to share data, and individual people may not like the complete absence of privacy. For these reasons, the Internet of Things may very well be pushed back longer than it truly needs to be.